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ДовідкаЗміст > ДовідкаДляАдміністраторів > ДовідкаКонфігурування

Ця сторінка призначена допомогти у налаштуванні встановленої копії MoinMoin вікі. Якщо ви ще не встановили вікі, зверніться до сторінки ДовідкаВстановлення.

Загальне

Набір символів

Moin всередині використовує Юнікод, для зовнішнього вводу та виводу використовується utf-8, наприклад, для сторінок, виводу HTML та файлів перекладів. Набір символів для зовнішнього обміну встановлено у змінній config.charset значенням utf-8. Таке значення підходить для всіх мов, оскільки у UTF-8 можна закодувати будь-який символ. Не слід змінювати це значення, хоча технічна можливість для цього є.

  • <!> Важливо: для використовування значень у Юнікоде, слід встановити коректне значення у рядку кодування у першому рядку конфігураційного файлу. Перевірте, що ваш редактор коректно налаштовано.

Деякі параметри повинні використовувати значенні Юнікоде. Наприклад, назва сайту може містити німецькі умляути або французькі акценти, або бути грецькою чи на івриті. Внаслідок чого для цих пунктів слід використовувати юнікодові рядки. Юнікодові рядки визначаються префіксом з літери u. Ось декілька прикладів:

    # Назва сайту, що використовується для емблеми вікі [Юнікод]
    sitename = u"Jürgen's Wiki"
    # інший приклад:
    sitename = u'הוויקי של יורגן'

Читайте коментарі до конфігураційного файлу, у них описано які параметри мають використовувати значення у Юнікоді.

Примітки:

  • У одному файлі не можна змішувати різні кодування. Якщо у конфігураційному рядку вказано iso-8859-1, усі символи, весь зміст файлу має бути у цьому кодуванні.

  • Якщо використовується кодування utf-8 (або звичайний ascii), не обов'язково використовувати юнікодові рядки, moin буде декодувати ваші рядки коректно.

Внутрішнє налаштування

Конфігураційний файл, що постачається, використовує кодування iso-8859-1. Це кодування підходить для мов з латинським алфавітом, тких як англійська чи німецька, але не підходить для мов з іншим алфавітом. Якщо ви хочете використовувати не латинські символи у конфігураційних параметрах треба, використовуйте кодування utf-8.

Перший рядок усіх конфігураційних файлів повинен бути таким:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
  • /!\ Для редагування конфігураційних файлі в у кодуванні utf-8 потрібен текстовий редактор який підтримує utf-8.

Значення, які використовують юнікодові рядки (користувачі не латинських мов можуть їх змінити):

  • sitename
  • logo_string
  • page_front_page
  • navi_bar
  • page_category_regex
  • page_dict_regex
  • page_group_regex
  • page_template_regex
  • page_license_page
  • page_local_spelling_words
  • acl_rights_default
  • acl_rights_before
  • acl_rights_after
  • mail_from

Готову конфігурацію вашою мовою дивіться на сторінці ConfigMarket. Також прочитайте розділ про параметри у юнікоді.

Налаштування параметрів користувачів

На сторінці ВашіНалаштування можна встановити початкове значення деяких параметрів, вимкнути або видалити їх, докладніше про це дивіться на сторінці ДовідкаКонфігурування/ВашіНалаштування.

Налаштовування самостійного вікі

Якщо у вас самостійний вікі, не слід копіювати файл farmconfig.py у ваш конфігураційний каталог (видаліть також відповідний файл .pyc, якщо він є). Без farmconfig, моін використовує типовий wikiconfig.py

wikiconfig.py зазвичай розташований поруч з вашим сценарієм moin.cgi. Якщо треба зробити власне встановлення, його можна перемістити будь-куди, але шлях до нього треба додати до списку системних шляхів Python у серверному сценарії. Дивіться розділ "System Path Configuration" у вашому серверному сценарії.

Загальні примітки про структуру wiki/farmconfig.py:

# -*- coding: iso-8859-1 -*-

from MoinMoin.multiconfig import DefaultConfig

class Config(DefaultConfig):

    sitename = u'МійВікі'   # u означає, що назва перетворюється на юнікод
    interwikiname = 'МійВікі'
    data_dir = '/where/ever/mywiki/data/'
    underlay_dir = '/where/ever/mywiki/underlay/'
    
    # Далі інші параметри...
  • По-перше, слід визначити кодування конфігураційного файлу. Початкові параметри підходять лише для мов на основі латинського для алфавіту ("західних"), для налаштовування інтернаціональних сайтів читайте розділ #intsetup.Якщо ви не визначаєте кодування, не можна використовувати не-ascii символи.

  • Next we import moin's internal default configuration. The default configuration includes values for all options, so we don't have to define all values, just what we want to customize.
  • Then we define a new configuration class called "Config" and inherit all settings from the default configuration we imported. Note that the class name must be "Config".
  • Next lines are the configuration options for the Config class. Note that each line must be indented by 4 spaces, tabs are not allowed. Moin will not run if you use wrong indentation.
  • A common configuration item is sitename - in most cases you don't want your wiki to have the default "Untitled Wiki" name. You can define any name you like in any language, but before you do that, read next section on unicode options.

  • If you followed the install instructions, the wiki will run without any other change, but you might want to change some values, like data_dir, data_underlay_dir acl_rights_before and more. For most cases, setting all the values in the supplied wikiconfig.py file is enough.

  • Anything we do not define simply stays at moin's internal defaults which we inherited from DefaultConfig.

Configuration of multiple wikis

The moinmoin wiki engine is capable of handling multiple wikis using a single installation, a single set of configuration files and a single server process. Especially for persistent environments like twisted, this is necessary, because the twisted server will permanently run on a specific IP address and TCP port number. So for virtual hosting of multiple domains (wikis) on the same IP and port, we need the wiki engine to permanently load multiple configs at the same time and choose the right of them when handling a request for a specific URL.

To be able to choose the right config, moin uses config variable wikis located in the file farmconfig.py - it simply contains a list of pairs (wikiname, url-regex). Please only use valid python identifiers for wikiname (to be exact: identifier ::= (letter|"_") (letter | digit | "_")* - just try with a simple word if you didn't understand that grammar rule). When processing a request for some URL, moin searches through this list and tries to match the url-regex against the current URL. If it doesn't match, it simply proceeds to the next pair. If it does match, moin loads a configuration file named <wikiname>.py (usually from the same directory) that contains the configuration for that wiki.

farmconfig.py in the distribution archive has some sample entries for a wiki farm running multiple wikis. You need to adapt it to match your needs if you want to run multiple wikis.

/!\ For simpler writing of these help pages, we will call such a <wikiname>.py configuration file simply wikiconfig.py, of course you have to use the filename you chose.

Of course you have already adapted the wikis setting in farmconfig.py (see above), so we only give some hints how you can save some work. Please also read the single wiki configuration hints, because it explains config inheritance.

We now use the class-based configuration to be able to configure the common settings of your wikis at a single place: in the base configuration class (see farmconfig.py for an example):

farmconfig.py:

# -*- coding: iso-8859-1 -*-
# farmconfig.py:
from MoinMoin.multiconfig import DefaultConfig
class FarmConfig(DefaultConfig):
    url_prefix = '/wiki'
    show_hosts = True
    underlay_dir = '/where/ever/common/underlay'
    # ...
  • Explanation:
    • first we import the default config, like we do when configuring a single wiki
    • now we define a new farm config class - and inherit from the default config
    • then we change everything that our farm wikis have in common, leaving out the settings that they need to be different
    • this FarmConfig class will now be used by the config files of the wikis instead of moin's internal DefaultConfig class, see below:

The configs of your individual wikis then only keep the settings that need to be different (like the logo, or the data directory or ACL settings). Everything else they get by inheriting from the base configuration class, see moinmaster.py for a sample.

moinmaster.py:

# -*- coding: iso-8859-1 -*-
# moinmaster.py:
from farmconfig import FarmConfig
class Config(FarmConfig):
    show_hosts = False
    sitename = u'MoinMaster'
    interwikiname = 'MoinMaster'
    data_dir = '/org/de.wikiwikiweb.moinmaster/data/'
    # ...
  • Explanation:
    • see single wiki configuration, the only difference is that we inherit from FarmConfig (that inherited from DefaultConfig) instead of directly using DefaultConfig

    • now we override show_hosts to be 0 - we want it for most wikis in our farm, but not for this one
    • we also override sitename, interwikiname and data_dir (the usual stuff)

Index of all Configuration Options

The following table contains default values and a short description for all configuration variables. Most of these can be left at their defaults, those you need to change with every installation are listed in the sample wikiconfig.py that comes with the distribution.

Variable name

Default

Description

SecurityPolicy

None

Class object hook for implementing security restrictions

acl_...

...

wiki-wide access control list definition (see HelpOnAccessControlLists)

allow_xslt

False

True to enable XSLT processing via 4Suite (note that this enables anyone with enough know-how to insert arbitrary HTML into your wiki, which is why it defaults to 0)

actions_excluded

['xmlrpc']

Exclude unwanted actions (list of strings)

attachments

None

If None, send attachments via CGI. Every other value is DEPRECATED.

auth

[moin_login, moin_session]

list of auth functions, to be called in this order (see HelpOnAuthentication and HelpOnSessions)

bang_meta

True

enable !NoWikiName markup

cache_dir

'data/cache'

Path to the farm wide cache directory. New in 1.6.

caching_formats

['text_html']

output formats that are cached; set to [] to turn off caching (useful for development)

changed_time_fmt

'%H:%M'

Time format used on RecentChanges for page edits within the last 24 hours

chart_options

None

If you have gdchart, use something like chart_options = {'width': 720, 'height': 540}

cookie_domain

None

farmconfig: use this domain for the MoinMoin cookie

cookie_path

None

farmconfig: use this path for the MoinMoin cookie

cookie_lifetime

12

=0: forever, ignore user 'remember_me' setting; >0: n hours, or forever if user checked 'remember_me'; <0 -n hours, ignore user 'remember_me' setting

data_dir

'./data/'

Path to the data directory containing your (locally made) wiki pages.

data_underlay_dir

'./underlay/'

Path to the underlay directory containing distribution system and help pages.

date_fmt

'%Y-%m-%d'

System date format, used mostly in RecentChanges

datetime_fmt

'%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S'

Default format for dates and times (when the user has no preferences or chose the "default" date format)

default_markup

'wiki'

Default page parser / format (name of module in MoinMoin.parser)

docbook_html_dir

'/usr/share/xml/docbook/stylesheet/nwalsh/html/'

Path to the directory with the Docbook to HTML XSLT files (optional, used by the docbook parser). The default value is correct for Debian Etch.

edit_bar

['Edit', 'Comments', 'Discussion', 'Info', 'Subscribe', 'Quicklink', 'Attachments', 'ActionsMenu']

list of edit bar entries, 'Discussion' is a placeholder for the supplementation_page_name

editor_default

'text'

Editor to use by default, 'text' or 'gui'

editor_ui

'freechoice'

Editor choice shown on the user interface, 'freechoice' or 'theonepreferred'

editor_force

False

Force using the default editor

editor_quickhelp

{'wiki':"...", 'rst':"..."}

Quickhelp provided at the bottom of edit pages. To customize, specify a dictionary with key matching default_markup (e.g. 'wiki') and give a string value containing wiki markup

edit_locking

'warn 10'

Editor locking policy: None, 'warn <timeout in minutes>', or 'lock <timeout in minutes>'

edit_rows

20

Default height of the edit box

hacks

{}

for use by moin development

hosts_deny

[]

List of denied IPs; if an IP ends with a dot, it denies a whole subnet (class A, B or C)

html_head

""

Additional <HEAD> tags for all pages (see HelpOnThemes)

html_head_posts

robots: noindex,nofollow

Additional <HEAD> tags for POST requests

html_head_index

robots: index,follow

Additional <HEAD> tags for some few index pages

html_head_normal

robots: index,nofollow

Additional <HEAD> tags for most normal pages

html_head_queries

robots: noindex,nofollow

Additional <HEAD> tags for requests with query strings, like actions

html_pagetitle

None

Allows you to set a specific HTML page title (if not set, it defaults to the value of sitename)

interwiki_preferred

[]

In dialogues, show those wikis at the top of the list.

interwikiname

None

InterWiki name (prefix, moniker) of the site, or None

language_default

'en'

Default language for user interface and page content, see HelpOnLanguages!

language_ignore_browser

False

Ignore user's browser language settings, see HelpOnLanguages!

log_reverse_dns_lookups

True

Do a reverse DNS lookup on page SAVE. If your DNS is broken, set to False to speed up SAVE.

logo_string

sitename

The wiki logo top of page, HTML is allowed (<img> is possible as well) [Unicode]

mail_from

None

From: header used in sent mails, e.g. mail_from = u'Jürgen Wiki <noreply@example.com>'. See /EmailSupport.

mail_import_subpage_template

u"$from-$date-$subject"

This is the template for the pagename generated by the mail import code. See /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_import_pagename_envelope

u"%s"

Special use, see /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_import_pagename_search

['subject', 'to', ]

Where and in which order to search for the target pagename, see /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_import_pagename_regex

r'\[\[([^"]*)\]\]'

Special use, see /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_import_wiki_addrs

[]

The e-mail address(es) of the e-mails that should go into the wiki See /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_import_secret

""

The secret that matches the mailimportconf.py configuration file. See /EmailSupport. New in 1.6.

mail_login

None

"user pwd" if you need to use SMTP AUTH

mail_smarthost

None

IPv4 address or hostname of an SMTP-enabled server (with optional :port appendix, defaults to 25). Note that email features (notification, mailing of login data) works only if this variable is set.

mail_sendmail

None

If set to e.g. '/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i', use this sendmail command to send mail. Default is to send mail by an internal function using SMTP.

mimetypes_xss_protect

['text/html', 'application/x-shockwave-flash', 'application/xhtml+xml',]

"content-disposition: inline" isn't used for them when a user downloads such attachments

mimetypes_embed

['application/x-dvi', 'application/postscript', 'application/pdf', 'application/ogg', 'application/vnd.visio', 'image/x-ms-bmp', 'image/svg+xml', 'image/tiff', 'image/x-photoshop', 'audio/mpeg', 'audio/midi', 'audio/x-wav', 'video/fli', 'video/mpeg', 'video/quicktime', 'video/x-msvideo', 'chemical/x-pdb', 'x-world/x-vrml',]

mimetypes used by HelpOnMacros/EmbedObject

navi_bar

[u'%(page_front_page)s', u'RecentChanges', u'FindPage', u'HelpContents',]

Most important page names. Users can add more names in their quick links in UserPreferences. To link to URL, use u"[url link title]", to use a shortened name for long page name, use u"[LongLongPageName title]". To use page names with spaces, use u"[page_name_with_spaces any title]" [list of Unicode strings]

nonexist_qm

False

Default for displaying WantedPages with a question mark, like in the original wiki (changeable by the user)

page_category_regex

ur'(?P<all>Category(?P<key>\S+))'

Pagenames containing a match for this regex are regarded as Wiki categories [Unicode]

page_credits

[...]

list with html fragments with logos or strings for crediting.

page_dict_regex

u'[a-z0-9]Dict$'

Pagenames containing a match for this regex are regarded as containing variable dictionary definitions [Unicode]

page_footer1

""

Custom HTML markup sent before the system footer (see HelpOnThemes)

page_footer2

""

Custom HTML markup sent after the system footer (see HelpOnThemes)

page_front_page

u'HelpOnLanguages'

Name of the front page. We don't expect you to keep the default. Just read HelpOnLanguages in case you're wondering... [Unicode]

page_group_regex

u'[a-z0-9]Group$'

Pagenames containing a match for this regex are regarded as containing group definitions [Unicode]

page_header1

""

Custom HTML markup sent before the system header / title area but after the body tag (see HelpOnThemes)

page_header2

""

Custom HTML markup sent after the system header / title area (and body tag) (see HelpOnThemes)

page_iconbar

["view", ...]

list of icons to show in iconbar, valid values are only those in page_icons_table. Available only in classic theme.

page_icons_table

dict

dict of {'iconname': (url, title, icon-img-key), ...}. Available only in classic theme.

page_license_enabled

False

Show a license hint in page editor.

page_license_page

u'WikiLicense'

Page linked from the license hint. [Unicode]

page_local_spelling_words

u'LocalSpellingWords'

Name of the page containing user-provided spellchecker words [Unicode]

page_template_regex

u'[a-z0-9]Template$'

Pagenames containing a match for this regex are regarded as templates for new pages [Unicode]

quicklinks_default

[]

List of preset quicklinks which is set for a new user on account creation. Existing accounts are not affected by this option whereas changes in navi_bar do always affect existing accounts. Preset quicklinks can be removed by the user in the userpreference menu, navi_bar settings not.

refresh

None

refresh = (minimum_delay_s, targets_allowed) enables use of #refresh 5 PageName processing instruction, targets_allowed must be either 'internal' or 'external'

search_results_per_page

25

Number of hits shown per page in the search results

shared_intermap

None

Path to a file containing global InterWiki definitions (or a list of such filenames)

show_hosts

True

Disable this option to hide host names and IPs

show_interwiki

False

Enable this option to let the theme display your interwiki name

show_login

True

Disable this option to get login/logout action removed

show_names

True

Disable this option to hide names from the info view and RecentChanges (this was previously done by show_hosts)

show_section_numbers

0

1 to show section numbers in headings by default

show_timings

False

Shows some timing values at bottom of page - used for development

show_version

False

Show MoinMoin's version at the bottom of each page

sitename

u'Untitled Wiki'

Short description of your wiki site, displayed below the logo on each page, and used in RSS documents as the channel title [Unicode]

stylesheets

[]

List of tuples (media, csshref) to insert after theme css, before user css

subscribed_pages_default

[]

List of preset page subscriptions which is set for a new user on account creation.

superuser

[]

List of trusted user names with wiki system administration super powers (not to be confused with ACL admin rights!). For an example see HelpOnSuperUser. Used for e.g. making full backups, software installation, language installation via SystemPagesSetup and more. See also HelpOnPackageInstaller.

supplementation_page

False

Enable to show supplementation_page_name in theme for each page

supplementation_page_name

u'Discussion'

default name for supplementation_page

supplementation_page_template

u'DiscussionTemplate'

default template for supplementation_page

theme_default

'modern'

the name of the theme that is used by default (see HelpOnThemes)

theme_force

False

If True, do not allow to change the theme

trail_size

5

Number of pages in the trail of visited pages

tz_offset

0.0

default time zone offset in hours from UTC

ua_spiders

...|google|wget|...

A regex of HTTP_USER_AGENTs that should be excluded from logging

url_mappings

{}

lookup table to remap URL prefixes (dict of 'prefix': 'replacement'); especially useful in intranets, when whole trees of externally hosted documents move around

url_prefix_static

'/moin_static160'

used as the base URL for icons, css, etc. - includes the moin version number and changes on every release. This replaces the deprecated and sometimes confusing url_prefix = '/wiki' setting.

url_prefix_action

None

Use 'action' to enable action URL generation to be compatible with robots.txt. It will generate .../action/info/PageName?action=info then. Recommended for internet wikis.

unzip_attachments_count

51

max. number of files which are extracted from the zip file

unzip_attachments_space

200MB

max. total amount of bytes can be used to unzip files

unzip_single_file_size

2MB

max. size of a single file in the archive which will be extracted

user_autocreate

False

If set to True user accounts are created automatically (see HelpOnAuthentication).

user_checkbox_defaults

dict

Sets the default settings of the UserPreferences checkboxes. See /UserPreferences or multiconfig.py for the default settings. Example: user_checkbox_defaults = {'edit_on_doubleclick': 0}

user_checkbox_disable

[]

a list of checkbox names to be disabled in the UserPreferences. A disabled checkbox is displayed greyedout and uses the default value set in user_checkbox_defaults.

user_checkbox_fields

[...]

list of checkbox items, see /UserPreferences or multiconfig.py

user_checkbox_remove

[]

a list of checkbox names to be removed from the UserPreferences. A removed checkbox uses the default value set in user_checkbox_defaults. See /UserPreferences

user_dir

[]

share user data between multiple wikis. See HelpOnUserHandling

user_email_unique

True

check emails for uniqueness and don't accept duplicates.

user_form_defaults

[]

a list of form defaults for UserPreferences. See /UserPreferences

user_form_disable

[]

a list of form field names to be disabled in the UserPreferences. A disabled field is displayed greyed out and uses the default value set in user_form_defaults. See /UserPreferences

user_form_fields

[...]

list of userprefs form items, see /UserPreferences or multiconfig.py

user_form_remove

[]

a list of form field names to be removed from the UserPreferences. A removed form field uses the default value set in user_form_defaults. See /UserPreferences

user_homewiki

Self

interwiki name of the wiki where the user home pages are located (useful if you have many users). You could even link to nonwiki "user pages" if the wiki username is in the target URL.

xapian_index_dir

None

if set, set and use a separate index directory for every wiki distinguished by wikiname; useful for wikifarms to seperate indices (Note: needs rebuilding the index, see HelpOnXapian)

xapian_index_history

True

enabling this will instruct the indexer to index all revisions of a page to let users search in their history (Note: needs rebuilding the index, see HelpOnXapian)

xapian_search

False

enables Xapian search, see HelpOnXapian for more information on the setup

xapian_stemming

True

enables stemming of terms in Xapian (Note: needs rebuilding the index, see HelpOnXapian)

Some values can only be set from MoinMoin/config/__init__.py (part of the MoinMoin code and thus GLOBALLY changing behaviour of all your wikis), but not from the individual wiki's config - you should only touch them if you know what you are doing:

charset

'utf-8'

the encoding / character set used by the wiki <!> Do not change this - it is not tested and we can't support it.

lowerletters

ucs-2 lowercase letters

Lowercase letters, used to define what is a WikiName

smileys

[...]

a list of smiley markups MoinMoin supports - image and image sizes are defined in the theme code.

umask

0770

umask used by MoinMoin, the default gives rights to owner and group, but not to world.

upperletters

ucs-2 uppercase letters

uppercase letters, used to define what is a WikiName

url_schemas

[]

additional URL schemas you want to have recognized (list of strings; e.g. ['ldap', 'imap'])

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